A recent Yale study shed light on a profoundly concerning trend: Despite escalating investments in health care over the past two decades, barriers to timely medical care have surged. Equally troubling is the exacerbation of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare access. According to investigators from the Yale Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation (CORE), from 1999 to 2018, the percentage of US adults facing barriers like phone accessibility, appointment availability, prolonged waiting times, inconvenient office hours, and transportation issues nearly doubled. By the close of 2018, 1 in 7 Americans grappled with such barriers.
Published on Oct. 28 in JAMA Health Forum, the study’s lead author, Dr. Cesar Caraballo-Cordovez, MD, a postdoctoral associate at Yale School of Medicine, remarked, “Importantly, there are disparities in these barriers, and they are getting worse.” He further highlighted that by 2018, Black and Latino/Hispanic adults were significantly more likely than their White counterparts to experience barriers, especially with prolonged waiting times and transportation challenges.
Such studies illuminate the need to proactively address the Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) – factors like safe housing, access to nutritious foods, and transportation – especially for Medicaid populations. These determinants play a pivotal role in health outcomes, and when not addressed, they perpetuate and deepen disparities.
Enter care management technology, an instrumental solution in bridging these gaps. With tools that facilitate predictive analytics, care coordination, referral tracking, and progress monitoring, we can ensure timely and equitable healthcare for all, particularly our most vulnerable.
- Understanding Social Determinants of Health (SDOH)
SDOH comprises many environmental, social, and economic elements influencing health outcomes. These determinants can gravely impact the health of Medicaid beneficiaries, accentuating the disparities illuminated by the Yale study.
- The Potential of Care Management Technology
Harnessing technology can help address these disparities:
- Identify Needs: Pinpoint those at high risk of adverse outcomes from unmet SDOH.
- Coordinate Care: Streamline communication among professionals, services, and Medicaid recipients.
- Track Referrals: Ensure not just referrals but actual beneficiary engagement and benefits.
- Monitor Progress: Adjust interventions based on real-time feedback.
- Beyond Referrals: Ensuring Actual Care Access
Beyond making referrals, the challenge lies in ensuring that services are actually accessed and utilized. Integrated referral platforms, real-time alerts, and feedback loops become crucial to avoid systemic drop-offs.
- Vision for Integrated Care
A holistic approach is indispensable to elevate health outcomes for Medicaid beneficiaries. The Yale study’s findings underscored that care should go beyond medical interventions to address broader environmental and social contexts.
The Yale study is a sobering reminder of the widening gaps in healthcare access. However, with the might of care management technology, we stand at the cusp of transformation, working towards a system where every individual, irrespective of race or socioeconomic status, can access timely and comprehensive care.